The Registan Square is a real gem located in the very heart of the ancient city of Samarkand. It has gained its worldwide fame thanks to the great architectural ensemble that has become a monument of the oriental architecture. From three sides, the square surrounded with grand madrassah, portals which facing the center of the space. All three erections have their own unique decor. It is virtue of these buildings, preserved on the territory of the city, Samarkand was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2001.
Translated from Uzbek, “Registan” means a sand place. In ancient times, central square covered by sand. The area not initially surrounded by madrassah; those great erections appeared rather later. In that period, authorities of the city were group people on the square to call khan’s orders, held gala and public executions, and collected the army leaving to war.
In the past, one could see many trade rows around the square, where artisans and farmers were selling their goods. All main roads of Samarkand led to Registan where it was always noisy and lively.
Various rulers during their reign would change the main significance of the square, but since those times and up to now, Registan has always been the center of the city social life.
There are three madrassahs on the square: Ulughbek, Sherdor and Tilla-Kori, that are the main sights of the city. They erected by two rulers at different times.