Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, borders Central Asia’s Tian Shan range. Known for beauty and the beautiful place for touring. The are lots of Hotels in Bishkek, the details are furthermore. Bishkek a gateway to the Kyrgyz Ala-Too mountains and Ala Archa National Park, with glaciers and wildlife trails. The city’s arts scene encompasses the monumental State Museum of Fine Arts and the colonnaded Opera and Ballet Theater. The vast, central Ala-Too Square features the Manas monument, honoring the hero of the Kyrgyz Epic of Manas.
Bishkek, formerly Pishpek and Frunze, is the capital and largest city of the Kyrgyz Republic. Bishkek is also the administrative center of the Chuy Province. The province surrounds the city, although the city itself is not part of the province, but rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan.
According to post-Soviet ideology, the name thought to derive a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make fermented mare’s milk, the Kyrgyz national drink, although not all sources agree on this. The city founded in 1825, the Khokand fortress of “Pishpek” in order to control local caravan routes and to collect tribute from Kyrgyz tribes. September 4, 1860, the fortress destroyed by Russian forces led by colonel Zimmermann, with the approval of Kyrgyz. In 1868, Russian settlement founded on the fortress’s spot, under the original name, Pishpek. It lay within General Governorship of Russian Turkestan and Semirechye Oblast.
In 1925, Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast created Russian Turkestan, promoting Pishpek to capital. In 1926, the city has given the name, Frunze, after Bolshevik military leader Mikhail Frunze, who born there. 1936, the city of Frunze became the capital of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, during the final stages of the national delimitation in the Soviet Union. In 1991, the Kyrgyz parliament changed the capital’s name to Bishkek.
Bishkek is situated at an altitude of about 800 meters (2,600 ft.), just off the northern fringe of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too range, an extension of the Tian Shan mountain range. These mountains rise to a height of 4,855 meters (15,928 ft) and provide a spectacular backdrop to the city. North of the city, a fertile and gently undulating steppe extends far north into neighboring Kazakhstan. The Chui River drains most of the area. Bishkek is connected to the Turkestan-Siberia Railway by a spur line.
The culture of Kyrgyzstan has a wide mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Kyrgyz being the majority group. It generally considered that 40 Kyrgyz clans, symbolized by the 40-rayed yellow sun in the center of the flag. The lines inside the sun said to represent a yurt. The dominant religion of Kyrgyzstan is Sunni Islam (91%). The Russian population is Russian Orthodox.
Kyrgyzstan is the only former Soviet Central Asian republic to start out with two official languages, in this case, Russian and Kyrgyz. An aggressive post-Soviet campaign established to make the latter the official national language in all commercial and government uses by 1997; Russian still used extensively, and the non-Kyrgyz population, most not Kyrgyz speakers, hostile to forcible Kyrgyzification.
Kyrgyzstan a high literacy rate (99%), and a strong tradition of educating all citizens. However, an ambitious program to restructure the Soviet educational system hampered by low funding and loss of teachers. School attendance mandatory through grade nine. Kyrgyz increasingly used for instruction; the transition from Russian to Kyrgyz hampered by lack of textbooks. It remains to be seen whether Russian will continue as the second language of choice, or whether English supersede it as a lingua franca.
Kyrgyz women produce a wide range of textiles, mostly from the felt of their sheep. Ancient patterns are nowadays adapted to the tourist and export market, but it is still a living tradition, in that all yurts and most houses contain hand-made carpets or rugs called shirdaks.
Tush kyiz are large, elaborately embroidered wall hangings, traditionally made in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, by elder women to commemorate the marriage of a son or daughter.
Colors and designs are chosen to symbolize Kyrgyz traditions and rural life. Flowers, plants, animals, stylized horns, national designs, and emblems of Kyrgyz life are often found in these ornate and colorful embroideries. Designs are sometimes dated and signed by the artist upon completion of the work, which may take years to finish. The tush kyiz is hung in the yurt, over the marriage bed of the couple, and symbolize their pride in their Kyrgyz tradition.
1) Ala Archa National Park
2) Osh Bazar
3) Burana Tower
4) Issyk Kul Lake
2) Fire and Ice