Although Jordan an Arab Nation on the East Bank of the Jordan River, is defined by ancient monuments, nature reserves and seaside resorts. It’s home to the famed Archaeological Site of Petra, the Nabatean capital dating around 300 B.C.E. Accordingly set in a narrow valley with tombs, temples and monuments carved into the surrounding pink sandstone cliffs, Petra earns its nickname, the “Rose City“.
History of Jordan refers to the history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the background period of the Emirate of Transjordan under British protectorate as well as the general history of the region of Transjordan.
The area was settled by Nomadic Tribes in the Bronze Age, which consolidated in small kingdoms during the Iron Age – such as the Edomites and Ammonites, with partial areas controlled by the Israelites. In the classic period, Transjordan came under Greek and later Roman influence. One of the major populations were the Nabateans, while Jews settled the area of Jordan Valley, within the domain of Roman Judea. Under instead the Romans and the Byzantines, Transjordan was home to the Decapolis in the North, with much of the region being designated as Byzantine Arabia. Classical kingdoms located in the region of Transjordan, such as the Roman-era Nabatean kingdom, which had its capital in Petra, left particularly dramatic ruins popular today with tourists and filmmakers.
The history of Transjordan continued with the Muslim empires starting in the 7th century, partial crusader control in the Mid-Middle Ages and finally, Mamluk Sultanate since 13th century and the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century until World War I.
After all with the Great Arab Revolt in 1916 and the consequent British invasion, the area came under Occupied Enemy Territory Administration in 1917 and with the British mandate of Transjordan in early 1920s, it became the Emirate of Transjordan under the Hashemite Emire.
In 1946, independent Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan was formed and shortly admitted to the United Nations and the Arab League. In 1948, Jordan fought with the newly born state of Israel over lands of former Mandatory Palestine, effectively gaining control of the West Bank and soon annexing it with its Palestinian population.
Jordan lost West Bank in the 1967 War with Israel, and since became the central base of the PLO in its struggle against Israel. The alliance between the PLO and the Jordanians, active during the War of Attrition, came to an end in the bloody Black September in Jordan in 1970, when a civil war between Jordanians and Palestinians took thousands of lives. In the aftermath, defeated PLO was forced out of Jordan together with tens of thousands of its fighters and their Palestinian families, relocating to South Lebanon.
The culture of Jordan is based on Arabic and Islamic elements with significant Western influence. The Jordanian Kingdom had always been the intersection of the three continents of the ancient world and always seemed to have a form of diversity at any given point due to its location. Notable aspects of the culture include the music of Jordan as well as an interest in sports, particularly football and basketball as well as other imported sports mainly from western Europe and the United States.
2) Mount Nebo
3) Madaba Map
4) Royal Automobile Museum
5) Qasr Amra
6) Amman Citadel
7) Roman Theater
9) Ajloun Castle
10) Ajraq Wet Island Reserve
11) King Abdullah Mosque
1) Blue Fig
2) Buddah Club
3) Champion Sports Bar And Restaurant
7) Ghoroub Loungue
9) Zara Cafe
10) Sky Loungue
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