Ukraine is 46th largest and 32nd most populous sovereign country in eastern Europe. Ukraine bordered by Russia, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova and the Black Sea to the south and Sea of Azov to the southeast. The capital city of Ukraine is Kiev and currency is Ukrainian Hryvnia.
Ukraine is probably one of the most attractive countries of Europe which has not gained much attention because of its transitory history. Ukraine is a part of eastern European neighbourhood bordering Russia, Hungary, Romania, Poland and Moldova. It covers an area of 603,628 square kilometres. Formerly a part of erstwhile Soviet Union, Ukraine gained its independence in 1991 after the split of USSR.
The history of Ukraine’s past has many significant junctures one of which was the Soviet annexation of Ukraine in 1919 following which the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was established in 1922. It became one of the federation units in the erstwhile Soviet Union. However, after the Ukrainian national representation was suppressed by the soviet army by denying them the right to their language and culture, the Ukrainian nationalist movement came to the fore. During the Second World War, the Ukrainian insurgent army fought bravely with the armies of both, Germany and the Soviet Republic. Finally, the independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 afterwards of which it became the second largest country in Europe in terms of its area. Since then Ukraine’s economic and political history has been that of transition from Socialism to Market Economy.
The largest and also the capital city of Ukraine is Kiev which is home to 2.8 Million people. It is the seventh largest city of Europe. Kiev is one of the prominent cultural and educational hubs of Ukraine. Travelling within the city is a pleasure as the public transport system is highly developed here, including Kiev metro. The capital city of Kiev has a lot to offer. From the glimpse of mighty Soviet architecture to its Golden shaped round domes - are all there to see and admire. There is also a UNESCO world heritage site there along with the 102 metre long statue of Mother Motherland which witnesses tourists from all over the world.
Ukraine imbibes within itself the glorious mix of population of different ethnic regions clubbed into one Ukrainian Nationalist Identity. The closest nationalist relatives of Ukrainian people are Russians and Belarusians. However among Ukrainians as well there are various ethnic subgroups each having its own set of customs and traditions? Ukrainian people are mostly European in nature and are well as go out with. The vibrant and rich feel of cities in Ukraine owes its credit to the people who are magnificent in terms of their cultural diversity. In Ukraine you will see people of different style and character and they are mostly friendly. Language can sometimes create confusion and miscommunication and for that language guides across all the major cities are easily available.
In terms of Weather Ukraine has a very conducive and soothing weather condition especially during summer season. During summers the peak temperature is around 30-35 degree Celsius and July is mostly the warmest month. Winters on the other hand is quiet severe in Ukraine as the temperature drops to near zero even during daytime. Generally the best time to travel in Ukraine is between the month of May and July when the days are hot and the nights are relatively cool. Showers and thunderstorms are frequent near the coastal areas of Black Sea. The climate of Ukraine can be characterised as dry and continental influenced climate with warm dry summers and fairly cold winters.
Ukrainian ‘Hryvnia’ is the official currency of Ukraine since September 1996. The history of this currency dates back to 1917 when Ukrainian National Republic declared independence from Russian Empire, the new currency of the state was declared as hryvnia. The currency of Ukraine lost much of its weight during the financial crisis of 2008 and currently the exchange rate of hryvnia is around 30:1 against US Dollar. Cards are accepted across all the cities but keeping a few hryvnia can be handy while travelling to the countryside.
Perfect mix of European and Russian way of life can easily be felt while experiencing the breathtaking nightlife of Ukraine. It will amuse you, surprise you and will definitely hold a place in your memory lane for long. Nightlife in big cities, especially in the capital city of Kiev is worth experiencing. In Kiev, experiencing nightlife can be an unforgettable experience. Roaming around the streets at night is safe for all and the local night clubs are in abundance. Night life in Kiev can surprise you as one can find a perfect mix of serenity and craziness while experiencing nightlife in the city of Kiev. Moreover, because of the recent recession in Ukraine, one can explore nightlife at a very reasonable price by European standards. Weather can play a spoilsport during summers but generally one is sure to have a rocking nightlife experience in Ukraine.
The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian and majority of people use this language as their medium of conversation. However Russian is the second most spoken language of Ukraine but the percentage of Russian speakers is tiny as compared to Ukrainian. There are other languages as well such as Hungarian, Polish and Romanian which are spoken in small pockets. Language Guides are easily available across the cities and language can hardly play a barrier for exploring the amazing beauty of Ukraine.