Australia is a must see destination- the sheer size, amazing natural wealth, awesome scenery and huge variety of plant and animal life make this unique destination one of the most incredible places on earth.
Arrive Sydney and transfer to hotel of your choice. Overnight at hotel
City Sightseeing Tour : Breakfast at hotel. Half Day city tour. City sights tour includes Opera House, Parliament House, Hyde Park, Sydney Tower and Darling Harbour. Own way back to Hotel. Overnight at hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. Full day visit to Blue Mountains. Enjoy a morning break in the township of Leura. Enjoy a stop at Govett’s Leap and have the opportunity to enjoy the Fairfax Heritage Walk. Visit an Australian wildlife park. Overnight at hotel
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to airport for your flight to Melbourne. Arrive Melbourne and transfer to Hotel. Overnight at hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. Join your coach for your afternoon tour, including city highlights and the Dandenong Ranges National Park. Enjoy breathtaking views of the city and Port Phillip Bay from the Dandenongs Lookout. Overnight at hotel
Breakfast at hotel. Absorb the history of the gold rush era at Sovereign Hill, Visit the Eureka Stockade Center. Wander the main street to visit goldsmiths, craftsmen and traders, and enjoy browsing the unique period-style stores along with real-life characters and story re-enactments. Watch traditional skills being practised using age-old techniques by wood turners and metallurgists. Lunch at own expense.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to airport for your flight to Brisbane. Arrive Brisbane and transfer to Hotel at Surfers Paradise. Overnight at hotel
reakfast at hotel. Full day visit to Movieworld OR Seaworld. Late afternoon, transfer back to hotel and at leisure. Overnight at hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. Full day visit to Dreamworld. Late afternoon, transfer back to hotel and at leisure. Overnight at hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to Brisbane airport
Australia is a country, and continent, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Its major cities – Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide – are coastal, but its capital, Canberra, is inland and nicknamed the "Bush Capital." The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, Great Barrier Reef, the vast Outback (interior desert wilderness) and unique animal species including kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses.
Australia's aboriginal inhabitants, a hunting-gathering people generally referred to as Aboriginals and Torres Straits Islanders, arrived about 40,000 years ago. Although their technical culture remained static depending on wood, bone, and stone tools and weapons--their spiritual and social life was highly complex. Most spoke several languages, and confederacies sometimes linked widely scattered tribal groups. Aboriginal population density ranged from 1 person per square mile along the coasts to 1 person per 35 square miles in the arid interior. When Capt. James Cook claimed Australia for Great Britain in 1770, the native population may have numbered 300,000 in as many as 500 tribes speaking many different languages. The aboriginal population currently numbers more than 410,000, representing about 2.2% of the population. Since the end of World War II, the government and the public have made efforts to be more responsive to aboriginal rights and needs. Australia was uninhabited until stone-culture peoples arrived, perhaps by boat across the waters separating the island from the Indonesia archipelago about 40,000 years ago.
. Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, and English explorers observed the island before 1770, when Captain Cook explored the east coast and claimed it for Great Britain (three American colonists were crew members aboard Cook's ship, the Endeavour). On January 26, 1788 (now celebrated as Australia Day), the First Fleet under Capt. Arthur Phillip landed at Sydney, and formal proclamation of the establishment of the Colony of New South Wales followed on February 7. Many but by no means all of the first settlers were convicts, condemned for offenses that today would often be thought trivial. The mid-19th century saw the beginning of government policies to emancipate convicts and assist the immigration of free persons. The discovery of gold in 1851 led to increased population, wealth, and trade. The six colonies that now constitute the states of the Australian Commonwealth were established in the following order: New South Wales, 1788; Tasmania, 1825; Western Australia, 1830; South Australia, 1836; Victoria, 1851; and Queensland, 1859. Settlement had preceded these dates in most cases. Discussions between Australian and British representatives led to adoption by the British Government of an act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia in 1900. The first federal Parliament was opened at Melbourne in May 1901 by the Duke of York (later King George V). In May 1927, the seat of government was transferred to Canberra, a planned city designed by an American, Walter Burley Griffin. The first session of Parliament in that city was opened by another Duke of York (later King George VI). Australia passed the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act on October 9, 1942, which officially established Australia's complete autonomy in both internal and external affairs.
Its passage formalized a situation that had existed for years. The Australia Act (1986) eliminated the last vestiges of British legal authority. Immigration has been a key to Australia's development since the beginning of European settlement in 1788. For generations, most settlers came from the British Isles, and the people of Australia are still predominantly of British or Irish origin, with a culture and outlook similar to those of Americans. However, since the end of World War II, the population has more than doubled; non-European immigration, mostly from the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America, has increased significantly since 1960 through an extensive, planned immigration program. From 1945 through 2000, nearly 5.9 million immigrants settled in Australia, and about 80% have remained; nearly two of every seven Australians is foreign-born. Britain and Ireland have been the largest sources of post-war immigrants, followed by Italy, Greece, New Zealand, and the former Yugoslavia. Australia has been active in international affairs since World War II when it fought beside the United States and other Allies. In 1944, it concluded an agreement with New Zealand dealing with the security, welfare, and advancement of the people of the independent territories of the Pacific (the ANZAC pact). After the war, Australia played a role in the Far Eastern Commission in Japan and supported Indonesian independence during that country's revolt against the Dutch (1945-49). Australia was one of the founders of both the United Nations and the South Pacific Commission (1947), and in 1950, it proposed the Colombo Plan to assist developing countries in Asia. In addition to contributing to UN forces in Korea--it was the first country to announce it would do so after the United States--Australia sent troops to assist in putting down the communist revolt in Malaya in 1948-60 and later to combat the Indonesian-supported invasion of Sarawak in 1963-65
Australia also sent troops to assist South Vietnamese and U.S. forces in Vietnam and joined coalition forces in the Persian Gulf conflict in 1991, and in Iraq in March 2003. The Australia, New Zealand, United States (ANZUS) security treaty was concluded at San Francisco on September 1, 1951, and entered into force on April 29, 1952. The treaty bound the signatories to recognize that an armed attack in the Pacific area on any of them would endanger the peace and safety of the others. It committed them to consult in the event of a threat and, in the event of attack, to meet the common danger in accordance with their respective constitutional processes. The three nations also pledged to maintain and develop individual and collective capabilities to resist attack. In 1985, the nature of the ANZUS alliance changed after the Government of New Zealand refused access to its ports by nuclear-weapons-capable and nuclear-powered ships of the U.S. Navy. The United States suspended defense obligations to New Zealand, and annual bilateral meetings between the U.S. Secretary of State and the Australian Foreign Minister replaced annual meetings of the ANZUS Council of Foreign Ministers. The first bilateral meeting was held in Canberra in 1985. At the second, in San Francisco in 1986, the United States and Australia announced that the United States was suspending its treaty security obligations to New Zealand pending the restoration of port access.
Subsequent bilateral Australia-U.S. Ministerial (AUSMIN) meetings have alternated between Australia and the United States. The 15th AUSMIN meeting took place in Washington on October 28, 2002. The Liberal Party/Nationals coalition came to power in the March 1996 election, ending 13 years of ALP government and electing John Howard Prime Minister. Re-elected in October 1998 and again in November 2001. Howard's conservative coalition retained power in the 2004 federal elections. Howard's conservative coalition has moved quickly to reduce Australia's government deficit and the influence of organized labor, placing more emphasis on workplace-based collective bargaining for wages. The Howard government also has accelerated the pace of privatization, beginning with the government-owned telecommunications corporation. The Howard government has continued the foreign policy of its predecessors, based on relations with four key countries: the United States, Japan, China, and Indonesia. The Howard government strongly supports U.S. engagement in the Asia-Pacific region.
Sydney enjoys a relaxed outdoor and beach lifestyle, combined with arts and culture, fine food and wine, nature and cosmopolitan shopping and nightlife. Life in Sydney centres on the harbour. Catch a ferry at Circular Quay for views of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge from the water. Darling Harbour is a favourite family leisure and entertainment precinct. In the city centre, historic arcades such as the Queen Victoria Building and The Strand are packed with designer fashion stores. In Newtown, find vintage fashion and quirky boutiques; while Mosman and Double Bay have more upmarket boutiques and cafes. Unwind in tranquil spaces such as Centennial Parklands, Hyde Park or the Royal Botanic Gardens. Don’t miss the world-famous beaches of Bondi and Manly. The city’s coastal walks are a perfect way to take in the golden beaches, dramatic headlands, sandstone cliffs and national parks. Sydney is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Blue Mountains to the west, the Hawkesbury River to the north and the Royal National Park in the south.
Melbourne is a well planned city with wide flat streets laid out in a grid. Renowned for its shopping, in the jigsaw of tiny laneways hidden behind the main streets you’ll find one-off boutiques, galleries, and hole-in-the-wall cafés, bars and restaurants. With its rich multicultural heritage, you’ll find everything from European-inspired cafés to authentic Asian food. Try Lygon Street for its famous Italian cuisine. Further afield, Victoria Street, Richmond; Johnston street, Fitzroy; and Chapel Street, Prahran offer great shopping and more casual dining. Hop on a tram to St Kilda; stroll along the Yarra River, or wander through the many parks and gardens that surround the city centre. Enjoy the bayside beaches that stretch along the arc of Port Phillip Bay. Less than an hour away to the east you’ll find world-class wineries in the Yarra Valley and Dandenong Ranges. Head west for the historic goldfields of Bendigo and Ballarat. To the north lies alpine country. South you’ll find the watery playgrounds of the Mornington Peninsula and the Great Ocean Road.
Amongst the attractions of Australia’s national capital, you’ll discover what it means to be Australian through Canberra’s history, politics, art and national monuments. There are few capital cities in the world where bush and parkland are so integrated into the city plan. See native plants and animals at Black Mountain, Red Hill, Mt Ainslie, Mt Majura, Mt Taylor and Mt Pleasant, which are all within the city limits. Extending from the shores of Lake Burley Griffin, the well-planned roads of Canberra offer extensive cycle paths, world-class mountain biking and city walking trails. At night stylish restaurants come alive with a vibrant entertainment scene.
The warm tropical days and nights are perfect for enjoying Brisbane’s many attractions. Wander through the gardens at South Bank Parklands, Roma Street, Brisbane Forest Park and Portside Wharf. Admire the historic sandstone buildings; stroll along the shores of the Brisbane River at South Bank and swim in the sandy lagoon, unique in a city centre. Popular activities include the Story Bridge adventure climb and rock climbing at the Kangaroo Point cliffs; or cycle one of the many bicycle pathways that skirt the city. The Queen Street Mall has almost a kilometre of chic shops and arcades; while the bohemian precinct of The Valley, has edgy young designer shops. Hunt for treasure at the weekend outdoor markets. East of the city are some of the world’s largest sand islands and excellent beaches. In the south are the surf beaches of the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. Escape inland and you’ll pass the heritage-listed forests, country towns and lakes, valleys, rivers of the Scenic Rim and Country Valleys, all less than one hour from the city.
Adelaide is a neat, flat city surrounded by superb gardens, overlooking the banks of the River Torrens. Stroll along the wide boulevards and historic buildings of North Terrace and Rundle Mall for boutiques showcasing high-end fashion. Adelaide is highly regarded for its fine food and quality restaurants. Gouger, Rundle, Hutt, O’Connell, Melbourne and Leigh Streets, King William Road and The Parade at Norwood are good places to start. The Adelaide Central Market is a great way to spend a Sunday morning. Ride a tram to the beachside precinct of Glenelg. Visit Port Adelaide for museums, river cruises and the famous dolphin sanctuary. Less than an hour from the city are some of Australia’s best wine regions, including the Barossa Valley, Coonawarra, Clare Valley, McLaren Vale and the Fleurieu Peninsula. Start your exploration at the National Wine Centre of Australia in the city centre. Just off the mainland is Kangaroo Island, with its pristine beaches, desert landscapes, unique wildlife, and outstanding fresh organic produce.
There are many ways to enjoy the relaxed lifestyle of Perth. Free buses get you around the CBD where you can visit the Perth Mint, Swan Bells Tower, Art Gallery of Western Australia and many more attractions. King Street, Murray Street and Hay Street malls have many boutiques, art galleries, and restaurants. Go fishing from the edge of the Swan River, with its picturesque picnic spots and walking tracks or sail to sandy bays and beaches such as pretty Matilda Bay. More than 80 kilometres of clean, uncrowded beaches make Perth's coast ideal for swimming and surfing, and to experience Perth’s beach side suburban lifestyle. Wander through Kings Park botanical gardens and try the treetop walk for a view of the city. Jump on a ferry to South Perth for great views of the Perth skyline. Visit the vibrant port of Fremantle, or head in the other direction, stopping for wine tasting in the Swan River vineyards. Northbridge, Mount Lawley, Leederville and Subiaco have buzzing nightlife; while Cottesloe and Scarborough have a more relaxed vibe.
Tropical Darwin offers a relaxed outdoor lifestyle combined with multicultural experiences, exciting wildlife encounters and fun events. It’s a small city, and easy to get around. You won’t find skyscrapers and high-rise buildings here, everything about Darwin is down-to-earth. Sacred Aboriginal sites exist in and around Darwin, where you can learn about the world’s oldest living culture. Darwin also played an important role in Australia’s WWII history and many relics remain from this time. Much of the city's social activities take place at open air markets, outdoor festivals, in parks and reserves, by the beach or on boats down on Darwin Harbour. Mitchell Street is the heart of Darwin’s restaurants and pub scene. The Darwin Waterfront Precinct and Mindil Beach night markets all offer entertainment, while the sleepy suburb of Parap on the outskirts of the city has some of the best collections of indigenous art in Australia. Surrounded by sea on three sides, Darwin is an excellent base to explore Kakadu National Park, Litchfield and Nitmiluk National Parks, the Tiwi Islands and Arnhem Land.
Hobart is a city of natural beauty and cultural heritage characterised by warm sandstone buildings, bright sails on the water and fishing boats at the docks. Throughout this small, walkable city you’ll find 19th-century waterfront warehouses and many sites showcasing Australia’s convict history. Around Sullivan’s Cove, where the famous Sydney to Hobart yacht race finishes, there are good restaurants and unique shopping. Every Saturday the outdoor Salamanca Market comes alive. Beach areas around Hobart include Sandy Bay, Cornelian Bay, Nutgrove, Kingston and Howrah. There are many more around Frederick Henry Bay. Take a luxury catamaran from Hobart’s waterfront down the D’Entrecasteaux Channel and you’ll arrive at Peppermint Bay. Mount Wellington offers a wilderness experience within 20 minutes of the city. Drive to the summit through temperate rainforest, sub-alpine flora and glacial rock formations for panoramic views of Hobart, Bruny Island and the Tasman Peninsula. To the east is the historic convict site of Port Arthur. A little further up the road is Remarkable Cave, where the locals surf and the Tasmanian Wilderness is never far away.
Cairns is the gateway to Queensland’s tropical north and the Great Barrier Reef. Here you are close to islands, coral reefs and the world’s oldest surviving tropical rainforest. A provincial city, with a linear layout that runs south from Edmonton to Ellis Beach in the north, the city has recently experienced rapid growth, with suburbs taking over land previously used for sugar cane farming. An easy tropical lifestyle typifies Cairns, and shorts and T-shirts are normal attire. Buildings in Cairns are rarely taller than one or two levels. A series of beaches extend north along the coast, including Machans, Holloways and Trinity beaches, Yorkeys Knob, Palm Cove, and Ellis Beach. Inland from the Northern Beaches along the Barron River flood plain is Freshwater Valley. Mount Whitfield, the Whitfield Range, Crystal Cascades and Kuranda are close by. Several other small towns and communities are sparsely located along the Bruce Highway. Framed by mountain ranges and the Coral Sea, there are many opportunities to go walking in the rainforest or four-wheel driving in the Great Dividing Range.
Alice Springs is one of Australia’s most famous outback towns and the gateway to Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta National Park. Surrounded by a red sand desert which stretches for hundreds of kilometres in all directions - this is Australia’s Red Centre. The town straddles the usually dry Todd River and although it is close to the MacDonnell Ranges, the town is flat and easy to get around. It is renowned for its Aboriginal art and many local and Aboriginal art galleries can be found in Todd Mall, the town’s focal point. The Araluen Centre for Arts and Entertainment presents world-class ballets and orchestras, as well as local performances. Learn about the surrounding desert environment at the Alice Springs Desert Park and Olive Pink Botanic Garden. The Alice Springs Reptile Centre is located in the town centre. From Alice you can go hiking in the nearby MacDonnell Ranges or drive the four-wheel drive tracks at Finke Gorge National Park. Here you can connect with Australia’s rich Aboriginal traditions and experience some of the country’s most awesome landscapes.
With superb golden beaches, including the world renowned ‘Surfers Paradise’, the Gold Coast is a mix of cosmopolitan lifestyles, theme parks, high-end boutiques, and some of Australia’s best sporting events. Its skyline is dominated by high-rise buildings, including the Q1, one of the world’s highest residential towers. The Gold Coast is all about glitz, glamour and fun. High Street Surfers Paradise is a new precinct for sophisticated food and fashion, while the bars and nightclubs of Cavill Avenue are the main hub of activity. There are also many theme parks close to town. Popular beaches include South Stradbroke Island, The Spit, Main Beach, Broadbeach, Mermaid Beach, Burleigh Heads. There are also beaches along many of the Gold Coast's tidal waterways. The Gold Coast’s boundaries extend south to Coolangatta on the border with New South Wales, west to Mount Tamborine and north to Beenleigh near Brisbane. It is also the gateway to some of Queensland’s best natural attractions. Go whale-watching and island-hopping, or venture into the lush hinterland of World Heritage-listed national parks and rainforests.
Broome is a relatively small town where the pace is slow. Take the time to look at the brilliant red colour of the earth and the lush tropical greenery and flowers. Multicultural Broome has been shaped by its romantic pearling history and is a good place to shop for South Sea pearls and rare pink diamonds. Showrooms line the streets of Chinatown where you’ll also find art galleries, shops and cafes. The Broome Historical Society Museum is regarded as one of the best regional museums in Australia. A short distance from town is the Broome Crocodile Park. Major attractions are riding a camel into the sunset along the white sands of Cable Beach, visiting sites where dinosaurs once roamed at Gantheaume Point and bird-watching at world-renowned Roebuck Bay. One of Broome's natural treasures is the Staircase to the Moon. After the full moon from March to October, reflections stretch out across shiny mudflats creating the beautiful illusion of a long silver staircase. Broome is the western gateway to The Kimberley region of Western Australia.
Most Australians are of British and Irish ancestry and the majority of the country lives in urban areas. The population has more than doubled since the end of World War II, spurred by an ambitious postwar immigration program. In the postwar years, immigration from Greece, Turkey, Italy, and other countries began to increase Australia's cultural diversity. When Australia officially ended (1973) discriminatory policies dating to the 19th century, that were designed to prevent immigration by nonwhites, substantial Asian immigration followed. By 1988 about 40% of immigration to Australia was from Asia, and by 2005 Asians constituted 7% of the population. Also by 2005 roughly one fourth of all Australians had been born outside the country. The indigenous population, the Australian aborigines, estimated to number as little as 300,000 and as many as 800,000at the time of the Europeans' arrival, was numbered at 366,429 in 2001. Although still more rural than the general population, the aboriginal population has become more urbanized, with some two thirds living in cities. New South Wales and Queensland account for just over half of the Australian aboriginal population. In Tasmania the aboriginal population was virtually wiped out in the 19th cent. There is no state religion in Australia. The largest religions are the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and other Christian groups. Although education is not a federal concern, government grants have aided in the establishment of state universities including the Univ. of Sydney (1852), the Univ. of Melbourne (1854), the Univ. of Adelaide (1874), and the Univ. of Queensland (in Brisbane, 1909).
Australia experiences temperate weather for most of the year but the climate can vary due to the size of our continent. The northern states typically experience warm weather much of the time, with the southern states experiencing cooler winters. Australia is also one of the driest continents on earth with an average annual rainfall of less than 600 millimetres. Like all countries in the southern hemisphere, Australia's seasons are opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. December to February is summer; March to May is autumn; June to August is winter; and September to November is spring.
New South Wales lies in the temperate zone. The Great Dividing Range, in the east of the state, has a large impact on the climate, creating four distinct zones: the coastal strip, the highlands, the Western Slopes and the flatter country to the west. Sydney’s climate is pleasantly temperate all year round with more than 340 sunny days a year. In summer (December to February), average maximum temperatures in Sydney are around 26°C. It can also be humid at this time with an average humidity of 65 per cent. Average maximum temperatures in the winter (June-August) are around 16°C. Sydney’s rainfall is highest between March and June.
Victoria’s climate is marked by a range of different climate zones, from the hot, dry regions of the northwest to the alpine snowfields in the northeast. Average annual rainfall ranges from less than 250 millimetres in parts to in excess of 1800 millimetres over some of the mountainous regions. Melbourne has a reputation for its changeable weather, but as a general rule, the city enjoys a temperate climate with warm to hot summers; mild, balmy springs and autumns; and cool winters. Temperatures average 25°C in summer and 14°C in winter. Rainfall is highest from May to October.
South Australia’s climate varies from hot and dry in the interior to milder, wetter climates in the south and on the south-east coast. Adelaide generally has mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. It is the driest of all the Australian capital cities. The average rainfall in January and February (summer) is around 20 millimetres, but months with no rain are common. June is the wettest month of the year, averaging around 80 millimetres. The average maximum temperature is 29°C in summer and 15–16°C in winter.
Western Australia has a number of climatic zones due to its enormous size. In the north-west, heavy rains mark the summer 'wet' season, although the interior is mostly dry with high summer temperatures; while the southwest has mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Perth’s rainfall is highest between May and September. February is usually the hottest month of the year, averaging temperatures of 31°C. A sea breeze called ‘The Fremantle Doctor’, blows from the south-west providing relief from the heat. Winters are relatively cool and wet with temperatures of around 18°C.
Brisbane has a subtropical climate with warm or hot weather for most of the year. In summer (December – February), maximum temperatures average around 30°C. The city experiences most rainfall in summer which can sometimes take the form of thunderstorms with torrential rain. It can be very humid during this time. Winter is generally dry, mild and pleasant. Most winter days are sunny with average temperatures of around 17°C. Average monthly rainfall over the year is around 96 millimetres.
Queensland’s climate is characterised by low rainfall and hot summers in the inland west, a monsoon season in the north, and warm temperate conditions along the coastal strip. The dry inland plains record the hottest temperatures during summer, when the annual median rainfall is below 200 millimetres. Cairns enjoys a tropical climate, with hot and humid summers and mild, dry winters. The average annual rainfall is 1992 millimetres, mostly falling between January and March. Typical daytime temperatures in Cairns are 23-31°C in mid-summer and 18°C in mid-winter. Tropical cyclones sometimes occur from November through May in coastal regions
Since Tasmania is an island with no place more than 115 kilometres from the sea, its climate is classified as mild temperate maritime. Summers are mild and rainfall is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, although the winter months are the wettest. Because of its latitude, the seasons are much more evident in Tasmania than the rest of Australia. Hobart has four distinct seasons. The warmest months, January and February, are also the driest with average temperatures of around 21°C. While exposed to the southerly winds from the Antarctic, Hobart is protected by Mt Wellington from the worst weather.
Canberra has a mostly dry, continental climate with warm to hot summers and cool winters. The average annual rainfall is 629 millimetres which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month is October and the driest is June. During winter, snow falls in the nearby Australian Alps. January is the hottest month with average maximum temperatures of 28°C. The coldest month is July with average daily temperatures of 11°C which can drop below zero at night. Canberra has around nine hours a day of sunshine in summer, dropping to around five hours in winter.
The Northern Territory's climate is distinctly different from that of southern Australia, and varies greatly between the northern part, known as the 'Top End' and the southern extremities. There are two distinct seasons: the 'wet' (October to April) and the 'dry' (May to September). Alice Springs’ climate is one of extremes with hot summers and cold winters when night time temperatures can fall below zero. Rainfall varies dramatically from year to year, but the annual average is around 286 millimetres. Daytime summer temperatures are generally in the high 30s, with dry, cool nights. Spring can bring thunderstorms, hail and dust storms.
Broome has a tropical climate with hot and humid summers and warm winters and two distinct seasons: ‘wet’ (December to March) and ‘dry’ (the rest of the year). From October to April temperatures reach around 33°C. Winters (June-August) are mild, with average July temperatures around 27°C during the day. Overnight temperatures rarely fall below 5°C or much higher in the summer. The average annual rainfall is 532 millimetres but sometimes no rain falls for months on end. January to March is the wettest time of year. Tropical cyclones can occur from November to April, most commonly in January and February.
Australia’s national currency is the Australian dollar which comes in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 notes. Coins come in 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and one and two dollar denominations. Australian colourful notes Contains famous Australians People both past and present in Australia's Region
The $100 note features world-renowned soprano Dame Nellie Melba (1861–1931), and the distinguished soldier, engineer and administrator General Sir John Monash (1865–1931). The $50 note features Aboriginal writer and inventor David Unaipon (1872–1967), and Australia’s first female parliamentarian, Edith Cowan (1861–1932). The $20 note features the founder of the world’s first aerial medical service (the Royal Flying Doctor Service), the Reverend John Flynn (1880–1951), and Mary Reibey (1777–1855), who arrived in Australia as a convict in 1792 and went on to become a successful shipping magnate and philanthropist. The $10 note features the poets AB ‘Banjo’ Paterson (1864–1941) and Dame Mary Gilmore (1865–1962).
The $5 note features Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and Parliament House in Canberra, our national capital. The standard $1 coin design, along with the 50, 20, 10 and 5 cent coin designs, was created by the Queen’s official jeweller, Stuart Devlin. The $1 coin depicts five kangaroos. The $2 coin depicts an Aboriginal tribal elder set against a background of the Southern Cross and native grass trees. The 50 cent coin features Australia’s coat of arms: the six state badges on a central shield supported by a kangaroo and an emu. The 20 cent coin carries a platypus, (soon to be replaced by cricket legend Donald Bradman); the 10 cent coin features a male lyrebird dancing; and the 5 cent coin depicts an echidna. In 1996 Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer (plastic) notes.
Currency exchange is available at banks, hotels and international airports. Australian banks offer the same range of services typical in other western nations, and cash withdrawal machines or Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) are widespread, although facilities may be limited in remote towns and the Outback. EFTPOS is also widely available in most Australian shops. Fees may be charged on transactions, particularly if withdrawing from an international account. Banking hours are usually 9.30am to 4.00pm Monday to Thursday and until 5.00pm on Friday. Some branches can be found open on Saturday mornings. Australia’s four largest banks are: National Bank of Australia, Australia New Zealand (ANZ) Bank, Commonwealth Bank of Australia and Westpac Banking Corporation. Smaller banks include: ING Direct, AMP Banking and HSBC Australia. Australia Post also provides banking services on behalf of more than 70 banks and financial institutions, so you can use your credit or debit card for deposits and withdrawals, account balance enquiries, paying credit card bills and sending money overseas
If you plan to stay in Australia for any length of time or are visiting on a Working Holiday Visa or other type of extended visa, you may wish to open an Australian bank account. In Australia, most income including salary or wages and government benefits is paid directly into a bank account. The Australian Bankers Association provides helpful independent information to assist you choose a bank account that best suits your needs. If you need to send or receive money overseas from Australia, you can do either online, by international money transfer (telegraphic transfer) or through a bank. It is best to organise a variety of ways to access your money from overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards before you leave home. The easiest way to get cash away from home is from an ATM (automated teller machine) with an international network such as Cirrus (Mastercard) or PLUS (Visa). Australian ATMs use a four-digit code, so check with your bank and make sure you change yours before you leave home.
Credit cards such as American Express, Bankcard, Diners Club, MasterCard, Visa and JCB are accepted in Australia. VISA or MasterCard are commonly accepted and are both accepted everywhere credit cards are accepted. American Express and Diners Club are accepted at major supermarket and department store chains and many tourist destinations. JCB is only accepted at very limited tourist destinations. Discover is not usually accepted. It is best to carry more than one type of card as not all cards are accepted by all merchants. Always carry a little cash, because many shops will not take cards for purchases under AUD$15. Merchants may impose credit card surcharges in some places. Traveller's cheques are not as widely accepted in Australia as in many other countries. If you do purchase them, it is best to buy them in Australian dollars as smaller shops, restaurants, and other businesses are unlikely to know what the exchange rate is if you present a cheque in a different currency such as US dollars or British pounds.
There is no limit to the amount of currency you can bring in or out of Australia, however, if you plan to arrive in Australia with more than AUD$10,000 in cash (Australian dollars or foreign equivalent), you must declare it to Australian Customs at the airport when you land. You may also be required to fill in a Bearer Negotiable Instruments (BNI) form if you're carrying promissory notes, traveller's cheques, personal cheques, money orders or postal orders. For further information visit the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service.
Australia has a Goods and Services Tax (GST) of 10 per cent. You may be able to claim a refund of the GST paid on goods bought here if you have spent AUD$300 or more in one store, no more than 30 days before departing Australia. Tourist Refund Scheme facilities are located in the departure area of international terminals. For more detailed information see Australian government information on the Tourist Refund Scheme.
As with most cities, Sydney’s best nightlife centres around the CBD. There are lots of great bars, clubs and restaurants to be found along George Street. Up near Wynyard Station, you’ll find the famous Ivy Bar, along with Bar 333. If you’re more a pub type of person, head up into the Rocks, to bars like the Australian, the Orient and the Glenmore. Alternatively, for something fancy, you can hang out at the Opera Bar, beneath the Opera House. Nightlife in Sydney is also fervent around the Kings Cross and Oxford Street areas, so check them out if you’re up for a bit of clubbing.
Melbourne is best known for its winding streets, narrow laneways and small bars. South Bank, South Wharf and Docklands around the river are perfect for late night dining, bars and pubs. Popular clubs include the Alumbra, the Baroq House, the Billboard Nightclub, Blue Diamond, the Bond Lounge and the Chaplin Karoke Bar. If you love live music, check out the Bennetts Lane Jazz Club or for a breath of fresh air, you can hunt out rooftop bars like the Wharf Bar, the Watermark and the Boatbuilder’s Yard.
Brisbane is much smaller than Sydney or Melbourne and the nightlife here is a little less crazy, but it’s still worth doing! Once again, the nightlife here flows around the river, from West End to Fortitude Valley, and is particularly big on Friday nights. You can discover bars clubs like Jade Buddha, the X&Y, the Royal Exchange or the Family Nightclub. If you’re up for something more relaxing, check out one of Brisbane’s many beer gardens at the Normanby, Plough Inn or the Victory Hotel.
The Gold Coast is probably one of Australia’s hottest nightlife spots, especially in summer! The beach here is brimming with nightlife, particularly around Cavill Avenue in Surfer’s Paradise. Here, you’ll find a strip of bars, pubs and clubs which are all incredibly packed during the holiday season. If you prefer quieter restaurants, Broadbeach is ideal, though there are no real clubs here. Alternatively, head out to the Casino for some bright, nightlife action. If you’re looking for Gold Coast accommodation, stay at Surfer’s Paradise or around the Casino for the best access to the nightlife.
Perth is primarily a relaxed, beachside city by day, but it still goes off at night. Northbridge is your best bet for bars and nightclubs, including the Leederville, the Metropolis, the Church and the Jackal. You’ll also find dozens of restaurants in Northbridge too.
It’s a beautiful and quiet city and you’re probably there for the wine culture, but Adelaide still has a few great nightlife spots to offer too. West End and Hindley Street are best for night clubs and bars, such as Electric Circus and the Cargo Club or you can stick around Rundle and Gouger Streets, too. For some historic pub experiences, visit the Exeter, the Old Exchange, the Stag or the Apothecary.
All people in Australia are encouraged to learn English, which is the national language and an important unifying element of Australian society. However, languages other than English are also valued. In fact, more than 15 per cent of Australians speak languages other than English at home. The most commonly spoken languages after English are Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Arabic, Vietnamese and Mandarin. Australians speak more than 200 languages, including Indigenous Australian languages.
Hotel Grand Chancellor Surfers Paradise. Nestled amidst the beautiful beaches and thriving shopping, dining and nightlife of Australia’s Gold Coast, just 150 metres from the sand, this versatile destination blends especially personalised service with just the sort of casual atmosphere you expect from a beachside hotel
Mercure Welcome Hotel,
Melbourne has a coffee shop/cafe and a bar/lounge. This 4* property offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and audiovisual equipment. This Melbourne property has 797 square meters of event space consisting of banquet facilities and conference/meeting rooms. This is a smoke-free property.