Armenia is a nation, and former Soviet republic, in The mountainous Caucasus region straddling Asia and Europe. Among the earliest Christian civilizations, it’s defined by religious sites including the reconstructed Greco-Roman Temple of Garni and 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral, headquarters of the Armenian Church. Another pilgrimage site is Khor Virap Monastery, in the foothills of Mt. Ararat, just across the border with Turkey.
Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat. The original Armenian name for the country was Hayk, later Hayastan, translated as the land of Haik, and consisting of the name of the ancient Mesopotamian god Haya and the Persian suffix ‘-stan’ (“land”). The historical enemy of Hayk (the legendary ruler of Armenia), Hayastan, was Bel, or in other words Baal The name Armenia was given to the country by the surrounding states, and it is traditionally derived from Armenak or Aram (the great-grandson of Haik’s great-grandson, and another leader who is, according to Armenian tradition, the ancestor of all Armenians).
In the Bronze Age, several states flourished in the area of Greater Armenia, including the Hittite Empire (at the height of its power), Mitanni (South-Western historical Armenia), and Hayasa-Azzi (1600–1200 BC). Soon after the Hayasa-Azzi were the Nairi (1400–1000 BC) and The Kingdom of Urartu (1000–600 BC), who successively established their sovereignty over the Armenian Highland. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in The Ethnogenesis of the Armenian people Yerevan, the modern capital of Armenia, dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain.
Erebuni has been described as “designed as a great administrative and religious center, a fully royal capital. The Iron Age kingdom of Urartu was replaced by the Orontid Dynasty Following Persian and subsequent Macedonian rule, The Artaxiad dynasty from 190 BC gave rise to The Kingdom of Armenia which rose to the peak of its influence under Tigranes before falling under Roman rule.
The culture of Armenia encompasses many elements that are based on the geography, literature, architecture, dance, and music of the people. The culture is similar to and yet distinct from many of the bordering countries like Georgia and Iran, as well as Mediterranean nations such as Greece and Cyprus.
2) Lake Sevan
1) Mezzo-Classic House
2) Stop-Music Club
3) 12 Club
4) Affect Club
5) AJZ Space
6) Chameleon Club
7) Charlotte Cabaret
8) Coliseum Club
9) Detroit Rock City Club
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